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Weekly Assessments & Briefings
Volume 10, No. 39, April 2, 2012



Data and assessments from SAIR can be freely published in any form with credit to the South Asia Intelligence Review of the
South Asia Terrorism Portal
· INDIA: Maoists: Enduring Strengths – Ajai Sahni

· INDIA-SRI LANKA: Disgrace – Ajai Sahni


Maoists: Enduring Strengths
Ajai Sahni
Editor, SAIR; Executive Director, Institute for Conflict Management & SATP

In quick succession, three disruptive incidents have shocked India out of the complacency that had set in, as the policy establishment celebrated sharp declines in violence and fatalities engineered by the Communist Party of India – Maoist (CPI-Maoist), over the past year.

The worst of these incidents was, of course, the March 27, 2012, improvised explosive device (IED) attack on a Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) transport at Pustola in Gadchiroli District, Maharashtra, which killed 12 and injured 28. In their enthusiasm during CRPF Director General Vijay Kumar’s visit to Fulbodi Gatta to inspect a Community Outreach Programme, the troopers had ignored standard operating procedures (SOPs), driving over a road that had not been sanitized in advance. The Maoists were quick to take bloody advantage.

A loss of lives among SF personnel, however, is easily ignored and quickly forgotten by the Indian state. The abduction of foreigners and the inevitable international media carnival that follows, tends to be far more embarrassing, for much longer, especially when the ‘hostage drama’ extends over weeks. The ‘arrest’ as the Maoists chose to describe it, of two Italians – a tourist and a tour operator – on March 14, 2012, in the Daringbadi Block of Kandhamal District, Odisha, has, consequently, shattered the illusion of an ‘improved internal security situation’ to a far greater extent. While one of the hostages, Claudio Colangelo, was released on March 25, 2012, the second, tour operator Paulo Basusco, continues to be held hostage by the rebels at the time of writing. The abduction occurred while the Italians were moving in areas of Maoist influence, officials claim, against the advice of the administration.

Even as the Italian hostage drama was being played out, a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA), tribal leader Jhina Hikaka, from the ruling Biju Janata Dal (BJD), was abducted on March 24, 2012, near Laxmipur in Koraput District, Odisha, when he chose to ignore security procedures, to travel through Maoist dominated territories from Semilguda to his constituency, Laxmipur. Hikaka’s vehicle was stopped near Toyaput, and he was abducted after he identified himself.

The Basusco and Hikaka abductions remain unresolved at the time of writing.

Crucially, all three actions were incidents of opportunity, reflecting enduring Maoist capacities, rather than strategic intent or planning, and demonstrating quite clearly that a decline in fatalities is not synonymous with a decline in rebel capacities or with an improvement in the ‘security situation’. Indeed, despite the significant reverses inflicted on the Maoists, especially at the leadership level, as well as some contraction in their areas of operation, the rebels’ disruptive capabilities in their core areas along the purported ‘Red Corridor’, remain substantially intact.

Despite many claims of the cumulative ‘improvement’ in the capacities of central and State Security Forces (SFs), the state’s vulnerabilities remain largely unaddressed. At least some claims of such ‘improvement’ are, in any event, largely falsified or fabricated – including the Union Ministry of Home Affairs’ (UMHA) November 30, 2011, claim that the police-population ratio had been raised to 176 per 100,000, from an National Crime Records Bureau figure of 133 per 100,000 as on December 31, 2010. Others, such as UMHA’s claims of “significant measures taken to strengthen the Indian Police Service” (IPS) remain something of a smokescreen, since existing deficits in the Service will take decades to fill, even with dramatically accelerated intakes. UMHA also claims that “Number of CAPF (Central Armed Police Force) battalions deployed in LWE (Left Wing Extremist) affected States increased from 37 in 2008 to 73 in November 2011, glossing over the fact that this has roughly been the level of deployment since the disastrous ‘massive and coordinated operations’ were launched by the Centre in end-2009. That these Forces have, along with State Police Special Forces, largely been frozen in a passive defensive posture since the Chintalnad massacre of April 2010, and that offensive operations against the Maoist have now become more and more the exception among demoralized SF contingents, remains unsaid.

On the other hand, the anecdotal evidence of state vulnerabilities and disarray is mounting. In one devastating disclosure, the UMHA conceded that as many as 46,000 officers and personnel took voluntary retirement from the CAPF between 2007 and September 2011, while another 5,220 officers and personnel resigned from service over the same period. 461 suicides and 64 instances of fratricides were also recorded. Worse, UMHA noted that the rate of increase of cases of resignation in the CRPF and Border Security Force (BSF) was “alarming”, at more than 70 per cent in 2011, over 2010.

If this dry data was not sufficiently disconcerting, Rahul Sharma, an IPS officer, serving as a Superintendent of Police in the Maoist afflicted Bilaspur District, in the country’s worst affected State, Chhattisgarh, committed suicide on March 12, 2012, blaming his seniors and the political leadership for his decision. Sharma had reportedly confided in a friend that he was frustrated because Police officers were required to do what he called ‘forced labour’ (begaar), and ‘extortion’ (ugahi) and that ‘targets for election expenses’ for the scheduled 2013 Assembly Elections had ‘already been set’. This incident provides extraordinary insight into the use and morale of the Police leadership in the State worst affected by the Maoist insurgency.

Nor is Chhattisgarh an exception. In the wake of the March 27 incident in Gadchiroli, Maharashtra Home Minister R.R. Patil complained that Police officers were ‘unwilling’ to work in the Maoist afflicted Gadchiroli and Chandrapur Districts, citing the recent example of four Police Sub-inspectors, who resigned from the Force after completing training, when they were posted to Gadchiroli. Patil had nothing but a litany of complaints to offer after the Gadchiroli incident, blaming the Centre for a failure to give advance information of Maoist attacks. Unsurprisingly, Maharashtra saw an increase in Maoist related fatalities to 69 in 2011, over the 2010 figure of 40, even as the all-India fatalities almost halved (from 1180 to 602).

The other principal Maoist affected States, Odisha, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Bihar suffer from equal and endemic deficiencies in their security structures, as well as from both ambivalence and infirmity in their political leaderships.

In another shock to the system, and testimony to the incompetence and incapacity of the state establishment, Kobad Ghandy, a CPI-Maoist Politburo member and top party ideologue, was discharged by a Sessions Court for offences under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA), due to procedural defects in the prosecution. Ghandy was a prize catch, trapped in Delhi on September 20, 2009, after a protracted operation led by the Andhra Pradesh Special Intelligence Branch, and involving the Intelligence Bureau and Delhi Police. The Sessions Judge, Pawan Kumar Jain, observed,

I am of the considered opinion that there is sufficient material on record to make out a prima facie case for the offence punishable under Sections 20 and 38 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act against accused Kobad Ghandy. But since the cognisance order dated February 19, 2010, qua the offences punishable under the UAPA was not in accordance with the mandatory provisions of Section 45(2) of the UAPA, I hereby discharge accused Kobad Ghandy for the offences punishable under Section 10/13/18/20/38 of the UAPA. Similarly, I also discharge accused Rajinder Kumar for the offences punishable under Section 10/13/18/19/20 UAPA. However, there is sufficient material on record to make out a prima facie case against both the accused for the offences punishable under Section 419/420/468/474/120B Indian Penal Code.

Some augmentation of capacities – recruitment, arming, fortification and modernization – has, no doubt, occurred across the board, both in CAPF and State Forces, but this has had, at best, limited impact on SF capacities and operations on the ground as a result of an incoherence of approach and strategy, as well as gross deficits and deficiencies in leadership.

The declining trend in Maoist-related fatalities has, nevertheless, continued into the early months of 2012, with a total of 96 fatalities between January and March, as against 174 over the same period last year. The ‘incidents of opportunity’ in March 2012, however, are evidence of abiding Maoist strengths, and the continuing infirmity of state responses. Declining trends in fatalities and occasional reverses not-withstanding, it appears that the initiative remains firmly in the hands of the Maoists, and that State leaderships are still to find the will and the clarity of perspective that will allow them to secure any enduring dominance over areas of rebel disruption.

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Ajai Sahni
Editor, SAIR; Executive Director, Institute for Conflict Management & SATP

If such an outcome were to be secured in Iraq or Afghanistan or, now, even in Pakistan, it would be embraced by the West as an unadulterated and righteous triumph. In Sri Lanka, however, it appears to have provoked, across much of Europe and among the most prominent international agencies – including the United Nations (UN) – a seething and barely concealed outrage… There is a sense, not of a dreaded terrorist organisation having been defeated and destroyed, but of collaborators, comrades, fellows at arms, lost to the enemy.

SAIR, Volume 7, No. 46, May 25, 2009

Through history, few countries in the world have had to endure a terrorist movement as protracted, vicious and intense as the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) campaigns, which lasted over thirty three years and killed, on some estimates, up to 80,000 people, in a tiny country with a present population of under 21 million.

Few countries in the world have secured as clear and demonstrable victory over terrorism as has Sri Lanka, even where extraordinary and indiscriminate violence has been inflicted on large populations, as, for instance, in Vietnam, Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan, where civilian settlements have been repeatedly targeted, and ‘collateral damage’ often overruns any rational proportion to legitimate targets.

And few countries in the world have restored normalcy with the speed and to the extent that Sri Lanka has in under three years. There has not been a single terrorism related fatality in the country since October 3, 2009, to the present, bringing peace to a people who had forgotten its contours over decades.  Of the estimated 290,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs), resulting from the final phase of the conflict, just 6,647 (roughly 2.3 per cent) had been left to return to their places of origin by the end of 2011. On March 15, 2012, Economic Development Minister Yapa Abeywardana claimed that over 99 per cent of the IDPs had been resettled. More significantly, of the 11,700 LTTE cadres who had surrendered, 10,490 had been freed and reunited with their families, after the completion of their rehabilitation process, as on March 29, 2012. The last remaining group of ex-LTTE cadres is scheduled for release by mid-2012, after completion of a mandatory 12-month rehabilitation and retraining process. The war ravaged North and East have also seen dramatic developmental transformations, with massive infrastructure and rehabilitation investments catalysing a 22 per cent rate of growth for the region, according to official claims, as against eight per cent for the entire country.

Crucially, a remarkable resurrection of democratic processes and structures has been secured across the country, with General, Presidential, Provincial and local body elections conducted across the country.

At the height of the final phase of the counter-terrorism campaign in the North, which eventually brought the LTTE terror to an end in May 2009, Norway and other European interlocutors had repeatedly used the threat of initiative processes for ‘war crimes’ and ‘human rights violations’ against the Sri Lankan state, to force the Colombo to end its increasingly successful operations against the LTTE, even as Velupillai Prabhakaran, the then LTTE Chief, and the besieged terrorist cadres surrounded themselves with a human shield of civilians to thwart Security Force (SF) operations. As President Mahinda Rajapakse declared unambiguously on May 22, 2009, “There are some who tried to stop our military campaign by threatening to haul us before war crimes tribunals. They are still trying to do that, but I am not afraid.” This group of minor and frustrated European powers have now roped in the US to push an agenda that they failed to impose through a perverse ‘peace process’, which kept a virulent terrorist movement alive for years, with increasing international sanction and legitimacy.

This is the essence of the gratuitous resolution passed by United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) on March 22, 2012, by a vote of 24 in favour, 15 against and eight abstentions. Crucially and disgracefully, at the last moment, India chose to cast its vote in support of a hypocritical, divisive and essentially unproductive resolution that demanded, among other things, that Sri Lanka “present, as expeditiously as possible, a comprehensive action plan detailing the steps that the Government has taken and will take” to implement “the constructive recommendations in the Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission” (LLRC).

It is significant that India had dithered almost to the last moment on its vote, and eventually decided to go with the US sponsored resolution because of domestic political considerations – increasing pressures from the United Progressive Alliance Government’s ally, the Tamil Nadu regional party, Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK). This has been duly noted by the leadership in Colombo, with Sri Lankan Foreign Minister G.L. Peiris, observing,

The most distressing feature of this experience is the obvious reality that voting at the Human Rights Council is now determined not by the merits of a particular issue but by strategic alliances and domestic political issues in other countries which have nothing to do with the subject matter of a Resolution or the best interests of the country to which the Resolution relates. This is a cynical negation of the purposes for which the Human Rights Council was established.

Peiris’ obvious reference was to the UPA’s conundrum with political allies in the State of Tamil Nadu. As usual, and despite its vote against Sri Lanka, New Delhi continued in its efforts to straddle two boats at once, seeking credit for ‘diluting’ the content of the draft resolution to make it ‘non-intrusive’, even as the official spin, thereafter, has sought to justify the decision to vote in favour of the resolution on the grounds that the process for devolution of power was “not moving forward” in Sri Lanka. One unnamed ‘official source’ stated in the media, “Many promises were made (by Sri Lanka) but very little has been done. The rehabilitation process has proceeded well, in fact better than in countries like Cambodia but the political process is not happening. The devolution (of power) is not moving forward.”

This, then, appears to be the crux of India’s official justification for its feckless vote: that Colombo has failed to implement a formula for devolution of power in the North and East which would be acceptable to all Tamil groupings in the country (and their sympathisers in India). But adopting the political objective – devolution of power – of one ethnic grouping as the minimum definition of ‘resolution’ of the conflict in Sri Lanka is both arbitrary and absurd. The issue of devolution of power is a purely domestic political issue and, whatever their divergent preferences, no other country or international institution has any business telling the Sri Lankans how they should govern themselves, or what shape they must give to their Constitution. Certainly not India, which has numberless difficulties in accommodating the aspirations of its own many ethnic, religious, linguistic and regional minorities, and which has dealt with utter inhumanity with the millions who have been displaced by predatory development processes initiated and supported by the state, as well as with IDPs from a multiplicity of conflicts in different regions, where significant populations remain, often in utter destitution, in primitive ‘relief camps’, at least in some cases, decades after the proclaimed end of a conflict. New Delhi, in any event, has no more business interfering in domestic arrangements for devolution of power in Sri Lanka, than Colombo has intervening in fractious Centre-State relations in India.

The US has as little reason or legitimacy to intervene in this particular case. As one commentator has rightly noted,

US war crimes in Iraq, Afghanistan, Libya, Vietnam, are of more grievous nature. Estimates of the number of Iraqis killed after the American invasion of Iraq, vary from 66,081 (according to WikiLeaks cables) and 601,000 (according to an international study).  In Afghanistan, the number of civilian deaths caused by US military actions is estimated to be between 9,415 and 29,007. All this is apart from documented instances of torture of Iraqis and Afghans in the custody of British and American forces. The estimates of Libyan civilians killed in the Anglo-French bombing of their country have not yet been published. During Sri Lanka’s 30-year civil war, an estimated 80,000 to 100,000 people were killed. These included 27,639 LTTE cadre, 23,327 Sri Lankan soldiers and 1,155 Indian soldiers.

For the US, however, events in this little Island nation, thousands of miles from its own mainland, have little domestic or strategic resonance, and Washington’s sponsorship of the resolution can simply be attributed to a little horse trading and politically correct posturing with European friends and allies. For India, however, this decision could be potentially devastating. New Delhi has sought to pretend that its support to the UNHRC resolution against Sri Lanka would have no enduring impact on relations between the two countries, but given recent history, such a position is nothing less than wishful. Indeed, over the past years, India appears to have done everything possible to push Colombo into Beijing’s stifling embrace. Over the decades, moreover, Colombo has forgiven New Delhi many specific wrongs, including India’s support to various armed anti-state Tamil formations – including the LTTE – in the early phases of terrorism in Sri Lanka. Yet, Sri Lanka remains one of the only countries in the world where an Indian is received with exceptional warmth and affection.

Significantly, Sri Lanka’s Foreign Minister Peiris had noted, in the immediate aftermath of the UNHRC vote, “Many countries which voted with Sri Lanka were acutely conscious of the danger of setting a precedent which enables ad hoc intervention by powerful countries in the internal affairs of other nations.”The reality is that issues at this and other international fora are subject to unprincipled lobbying, opportunistic horse trading and irresponsible posturing, and not to considered adjudication or informed evaluation.

The irony of the situation was quickly brought to New Delhi’s attention, as, within days of the Sri Lanka resolution, the UN’s Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions, Christof Heyns, released a report, on March 30, 2012, with sweeping and ill-informed judgements on the situation in India, and a call for the withdrawal of the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) on the grounds that, among others, that, “This law was described to be as hated by some of the people I spoke to, and a member of a state human rights commission called it draconian.” Heynes argued, further, “The repeal of this law will not only bring domestic law more in line with international standards, but also send out a powerful message that instead of a military approach, the government is committed to respect for the right to life of all people in the country under a ordinary law and order and human rights dispensation.” The report appears remarkable in its ignorance of the actual content and provisions of the AFSPA, of the jurisprudence on the subject, and on the actual character and content of human rights violations in Indian theatres of conflict. Nevertheless, the conclusions and recommendations of the report are expected to be put up to the UNHRC at a future session some time in 2013, and will, eventually, also be put to vote. It will be interesting to see what species of horse trading defines the outcome of this process, and whether Colombo will chose to forgive India’s present betrayal, or exact vengeance at that time.

Eventually, of course, India’s support to the anti-Sri Lanka resolution belongs in the same dustbin of history to which the resolution itself will eventually be consigned, as will the Rapporteur’s statement on AFSPA. There are, of course, certain issues that New Delhi needs to take up with Colombo, and at least some of these relate to domestic compulsions in both India and Sri Lanka, as well as to the rights and status of particular ethnic or minority groupings. New Delhi needs to remember, however, that the extraordinary rehabilitation and normalization processes in Sri Lanka’s North and East were the result, not of international or Indian pressure, but of Colombo’s own political intent and will. India would do well to remember, moreover, that nations that proclaim a true friendship – and not the diplomatic dodge of ‘friendly relations’ – best resolve their differences in private, and not through theatrical and empty posturing at international fora. A fairly corrupt, brutalized and predatory Indian state would also do best to refrain from preaching morality to others till it has set and met at least minimal standards of governance and morality in its own sphere of control. Only a policy based on these realizations can repair the damage done by the ill-conceived vote at the UNHRC.


Weekly Fatalities: Major Conflicts in South Asia
March 26-April 1, 2012

Civilians Security Force Personnel Terrorists/Insurgents Total
Left-wing Extremism 0 0 1 1
Assam 0 0 3 3
Jammu and Kashmir 0 0 5 5
Maharashtra 0 0 1 1
Nagaland 0 0 5 5
Left-wing Extremism
Bihar 1 0 0 1
Chhattisgarh 0 1 0 1
Maharashtra 0 12 0 12
Total (INDIA) 1 13 14 28
Balochistan 13 1 0 14
FATA 0 2 40 42
Gilgit-Baltistan 1 0 0 1
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 0 1 0 1
Punjab 0 2 0 2
Sindh 41 1 0 42
Total (PAKISTAN) 55 7 40 102
Provisional data compiled from English language media sources.


APHC-M chairman Mirwaiz Umar Farooq is controlled by ISI, says US Attorney: All Party Hurriyat Conference-Mirwaiz (APHC-M) Chairman Mirwaiz Umar Farooq is “supported and controlled” by Inter Services Intelligence (ISI), US Attorney Neil H MacBride claimed before the US District Court in Alexandria in Virginia, before the scheduled sentencing of Executive Director of the Kashmiri American Council (KAC) Syed Ghulam Nabi Fai on March 30. He linked the Mirwaiz to the ISI. Daily Excelsior, March 31, 2012.

Assam based Adivasi militants active in West Bengal: The National Santhal Liberation Army (NSLA), an offshoot of Assam based Adivasi People’s Army (APA), has become active in Alipurduar subdivision of Jalpaiguri District and Tufanganj area of Cooch Behar District. The group has influence among the plantation workers in different tea gardens in Kokrajhar, Chirang and Udalguri Districts of Assam. A small section of militant left APA and formed NSLA after January 24, 2012 surrender of APA. Times of India, April 1, 2012.

Militants in Assam using criminal gangs and women in abduction, says report: Militant outfits of the State are suspected to have been using women and anti-social elements to carry out extortion and abductions by outsourcing responsibility of picking up the target and serving the demand notes. The news report states that United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) and National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) were using its women cadres to trap businessmen for kidnapping. Nagaland Post, March 28, 2012.

NDFB-RD top ‘commanders’ give consent for peace talks in writing: Top ‘commanders’ of the armed wing of Ranjan Daimari faction of National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB-RD) have given their approval in writing for peace talks with the Central Government, which could lead to release of jailed NDFB-RD ‘chairman’ Ranjan Daimari. The report states that the ‘commander’ of ‘Bodoland army’ (the armed wing of NDFB-RD) I.K. Songbijit, currently operating from Myanmar, and ‘deputy commander’ B. Anthai alias Onthao in Bangladesh have sent their consent to abide by the decision of Ranjan Daimary on peace-talks. Deccan Chronicle, March 30, 2012.

ANVC splits in Meghalaya: The Achik National Volunteers Council (ANVC), which is on a tripartite ceasefire agreement with the Government of India and the Government of Meghalaya, finally split which may have an impact on the ongoing peace process. A leader from the anti talks faction of ANVC, on March 30, told The Shillong Times that around 300 cadres, including ‘officers’, have joined the anti-talk faction of the ANVC led by Mukost Marak. Shillong Times, March 31, 2012.

Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister Omar Abdullah announces amnesty for 2704 Kashmiri youths: Chief Minister (CM) Omar Abdullah on March 28 announced, in State Legislative Assembly, amnesty for 2704 Kashmiri youths, mostly stone pelters booked since 2010, saying FIRs against them would be withdrawn in next 15 to 20 days. The CM said 402 cases have been short listed for amnesty and the Government was ready for withdrawal of cases against them in the next 15 to 20 days. A total of 2704 youths will get amnesty with the withdrawal of these cases, he said, adding some more cases were under process.

The Government on March 27 said that 1034 applications have been received from former militants in Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK), for their return under rehabilitation policy. Times of India; Daily Excelsior, March 28-29, 2012.

Nuclear terrorism remains potent threat, says PM Manmohan Singh: India on March 27 warned that nuclear terrorism will remain a potent threat as long as there are terrorists seeking to gain access to atomic material and technologies, asserting that the best guarantee for nuclear security is a world free of such weapons. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said an India-piloted resolution on measures to deny terrorists access to weapons of mass destruction had been adopted by consensus since 2002. Times of India, March 27, 2012.


JTMMP refuses to handover arms until amicable settlement with the Government: Subash Chandra Singh, a member of the talk team formed by armed outfit Janatantrik Terai Madheshi Mukti Party (JTMMP) to hold dialogue with the Government, on March 26 said has said that the group would not handover its arms until the dialogue reached a conclusion. Singh, who is also the Mithila command-in-charge of the group, said that the group was making preparations for a second round of talks with the Government. Inseconline, March 27, 2012.


41 civilians and one SF among 42 persons killed during the week in Sindh: Nine persons, including an Awami National Party (ANP) activist and a women, were killed in the ongoing violence at different places of Karachi on April 1.

At least 10 persons, including one Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) and an ANP worker, were killed in the ongoing spate of violence in Karachi on March 30.

At least five people were killed in the fresh wave of ethnic violence and at least four vehicles were set ablaze in Karachi on March 29.

At least five people were killed after a worker ANP Sindh Chapter, Zianul Abideen, was shot dead and his two companions injured near Matric Board Office in Nazimabad area of Karachi on March 28.

10 people were killed and 17 others injured while 46 vehicles were set ablaze after the killing of two Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) workers in PIB Police precincts in Karachi on March 27. Dawn; Daily Times; The News; Tribune, March 27 – April 2, 2012.

40 militants and two SFs among 42 persons killed during the week in FATA: At least 14 militants were killed when the Army helicopters targeted militant hideouts in Akhunkot area of Upper Orakzai Agency in Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) on March 31.

At least 21 militants were killed by the Security Forces in an retaliatory fire in the Khadizai area, around 75 kilometres southwest of Kalaya, which is the main town of Orakzai Agency on March 30.

A US drone launched a missile attack on a militant compound in a market area of Miranshah, the main town in North Waziristan Agency, killing four Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) militants and injuring two others on March 29. Dawn; Daily Times; The News; Tribune, March 27 – April 2, 2012.

TTP introduces ‘moral policing’ in Afghanistan, says Afghan Police: The Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) introduced “moral policing” in parts of north-eastern Afghanistan, Afghan Police claimed on April 1. Key leaders of the TTP – including its ‘commanders’ in Swat, Bajaur Agency and Mohmand Agency – Maulana Fazalullah, Maulvi Faqir and Abdul Wali – and dozens of their loyalists had fled military operations and sought sanctuary in the Afghan Provinces of Nuristan and Kunar. They have introduced “moral policing”. Tribune, April 2, 2012.

Osama bin Laden lived for nine years in five different places, reveals his Yemeni wife Amal Ahmad Abdul Fateh: Slain al Qaeda chief Osama bin Laden spent nine years on the run in Pakistan after the September 11, 2001 (also known as 9/11) attacks, and during that time he moved between five safe houses and fathered four children, at least two of whom were born in a Government hospital, his youngest wife, Amal Ahmad Abdul Fateh (30), told Pakistani investigators.

She also told the investigators that after 9/11 she reunited with her husband in Peshawar (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) in 2002. From Peshawar they went to Swat where they lived for about nine months. Later, they stayed for about two years in Haripur District before moving to Abbottabad. The Hindu; Dawn, March 29-31, 2012.

Islamabad addicted to using militant groups against India, says Pentagon: Pakistan has an “addiction” of “playing around” with militant groups against India, Michael Sheehan, Assistant Secretary of Defence for Special Operations/Low-Intensity Conflict, said on March 28. “They have an addiction to playing around with militia groups to achieve certain interests, particularly vis-a-vis India. That gets them in all kinds of trouble,” Michael Sheehan told senators at a Congressional hearing. Indian Express, March 29, 2012.

Islamabad is a radical Islamist Government that provides arms to radical Muslim elements, allege US Congressmen: Three American lawmakers espousing the cause of the people of Balochistan on March 27 alleged that the Pakistani Government is a “radical Islamist” one and is providing weapons and resources to extremist groups. Seeking independence of Balochistan, the three Congressmen led by Dana Rohrabacher at a news conference held at the National Press Club in Washington claimed that Pakistan is not a friend of the United States (US), but an American enemy. Rohrabacher said, “The Government of Pakistan is radical Islam. It has been providing weapons and resources to radical Muslim elements that again use them against Americans. All these years we thought that Pakistan is our friend. We now find out that are really our enemy.” The News, March 28, 2012.


LKR 425 billion spent in last five years for development in Northeast: Additional Secretary of the Ministry of Economic Development Nihal Somaweera said that the Government had set aside LKR 425 billion for the reconstruction activities in the Northern and Eastern Provinces from the year 2006 to 2011. The Government has spent a large portion of the money for resettlement, de-mining, reconstruction and welfare activities. He also claimed that 95 percent of the reconstruction activities in the two provinces have been completed. Colombo Page, March 30, 2012.

The South Asia Intelligence Review (SAIR) is a weekly service that brings you regular data, assessments and news briefs on terrorism, insurgencies and sub-conventional warfare, on counter-terrorism responses and policies, as well as on related economic, political, and social issues, in the South Asian region.

SAIR is a project of the Institute for Conflict Management and theSouth Asia Terrorism Portal.

South Asia Intelligence Review [SAIR]
K. P. S. Gill
Dr. Ajai Sahni

A Project of the
Institute For Conflict Management

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